About St. Croix

St. Croix boasts a long history of human occupation and it has long been a focal point for the study of both the historic and prehistoric past. Many of St. Croix’s archaeological sites have figured prominently in our understanding of Ceramic Age peoples, while the island’s many historic plantations have provided a rich backdrop for understanding the dynamic cultural changes that led to colonization, the development of plantation agriculture, and, importantly, revolt and emancipation.

St. Croix features the only known ball court in the Virgin Islands and also played a role in the first recorded conflict between Europeans and indigenous peoples of the New World. The contested borders of the colonial powers also led to St. Croix famously flying seven different flags between the 16th and 20th centuries, as it changed hands among the Spanish, the Dutch, the British, the French, the Danish, and even the Knights of Malta, before becoming a US territory in 1917.

16th century Spanish map of St. Croix.
16th century Spanish map of St. Croix showing early fortifications.